Higher U.S. consumer confidence, Low increase in U.S. inflation, Grim manufacturing PMIs, RBNZ steady interest rate, Crude falls, Bitcoin up amid labour data and NFP

PREVIOUS WEEK’S EVENTS (Week  27 Nov – 01 Dec 2023)


U.S. Economy

The CB consumer confidence report showed a higher-than-expected figure, at 102, indicating that the confidence level rose in November after three straight monthly declines, amid higher prices and interest rates.

About two-thirds of consumers surveyed this month still perceived a recession to be “somewhat” or “very likely” to happen over the next year with economists suggesting instead that a period of very slow growth is rather going to take place.

The improvement in confidence was concentrated mostly among households aged 55 and above. Consumers in the 35-54 age group were less optimistic about their prospects. The share of consumers in the Conference Board survey expecting higher interest rates was the smallest since April 2021, while the proportion anticipating lower borrowing costs was the largest in nearly three years.

Financial markets anticipate a rate cut from the Fed in mid-2024, according to CME Group’s FedWatch Tool due to the reports suggesting significant inflation cooling.

U.S. Inflation and Consumer Spending

The annual increase in inflation is the smallest in more than 2 and a half years and consumer spending levels get lower and lower all signalling cooling demand that boosts expectations the Federal Reserve’s interest rate hiking campaign is over.

The labour market is gradually easing. More Americans applied for unemployment benefits last week and the number on jobless rolls surged to a two-year high in mid-November. The data favour the Fed since they were looking at an extended hold for policy, rather than an additional rate hike to curb inflation pressures.

Consumer spending, which accounts for more than two-thirds of U.S. economic activity, increased 0.2% last month after an unrevised 0.7% gain in September. Inflation-adjusted consumer spending rose 0.2% last month according to the PCE report. The Inflation report as measured by the personal consumption expenditures (PCE) price index was unchanged in October after rising 0.4% in September. In the 12 months through October, the PCE price index increased 3.0%. That was the smallest year-on-year gain since March 2021 and followed a 3.4% advance in September.

Canada Economy and Inflation

The employment change report on Friday showed that the Canadian economy added more jobs than expected in November while the unemployment rate was reported slightly higher. 24,9K jobs were added in November, more than the 15K forecast.

Employment is rising and it is the last major economic data to be taken into account ahead of the next Bank of Canada (BoC) rate announcement on Wednesday. The market is expecting unchanged interest rates.

Economic growth has stumbled and inflation has eased to 3.1%, according to the latest data.


Interest Rates


The Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) held the cash rate steady on Wednesday but noted inflation remained too high and that further policy tightening might be needed if price pressures do not ease. The official cash rate (OCR) was held at 5.5% as expected, but the hawkish tone of the statement surprised many in the market causing the NZD to appreciate.

RBNZ Governor Adrian Orr told a media conference on Wednesday he had met with Luxon and new finance minister Nicola Willis on Tuesday, describing talks as “incredibly constructive” and focused. “The number one job in hand for us is to reduce inflation,” he said. He added the bank had not been consulted on returning to a single mandate but expected it would be.

New Zealand’s annual inflation is currently 5.6%, with expectations that it will return to its target band by the second half of 2024.


Crude Oil

Oil prices saw a big fall, by more than 2% on the 30th Nov, after OPEC+ producers agreed to voluntary oil output cuts for the first quarter of next year that fell short of market expectations. These producers involve Saudi Arabia, Russia and other members of OPEC+, who pump more than 40% of the world’s oil. They agreed to voluntary output cuts approaching 2M barrels per day (bpd) for the first quarter of 2024.

At least 1.3M bpd of those cuts, however, were an extension of voluntary curbs that Saudi Arabia and Russia already had in place.

OPEC+ also invited Brazil, a top 10 oil producer, to become a member of the group. The country’s energy minister said it hoped to join in January.









Currency Markets Impact – Past Releases (Week  27 Nov – 01 Dec 2023)

Server Time / Timezone EEST (UTC+02:00)

  • For the U.S. New Home Sales figures were reported lower on the 27th Nov coinciding with less spending due to rising interest rates. The impact was minimal for the USD at the time of the release.
  • Australia’s retail sales were reported negative on the 28th confirming less consumer spending. The change was -0.20% way lower than the expected figure. It had a minimal impact on the AUD pairs, with slight AUD depreciation at the time.
  • Australia’s inflation rate significantly lowered after the release of the CPI report on the 29th Nov. The report released at 2:30 showed that the consumer price indicator rose 4.9% from a year earlier, the first reading for the fourth quarter and lower than economists’ estimate of 5.2%. At the time of the release, the AUD depreciated against other currencies, but not significantly during that time as the effect of the report soon faded.
  • At 3:00, the Reserve Bank of New Zealand decided to keep the official Cash Rate at 5.5% but stated that hikes might not be over. Policymakers are confident that high interest rates are restricting spending in the economy and inflation is declining as necessary. However, inflation remains too high, still at an annual rate of 5.6%, which is now higher than the UK’s inflation rate. At the time of the announcements, the NZD appreciated greatly and rapidly. The NZDUSD jumped nearly 60 pips before retracing to the mean soon after.
  • Germany’s preliminary monthly CPI change figure was reported more negative than expected, signalling that German disinflation trend in Germany has gained more momentum. The Spanish Flash CPI yearly change figure also showed a lower figure of 3.2% versus the expected 3.60% figure. We see significantly lower numbers in inflation-related data for the big economies in the Eurozone. Generally, the EURO lost value against the USD but no major shocks were observed at the time of the report releases.
  • The Real gross domestic product (GDP) for the U.S. increased at an annual rate of 5.2% in the third quarter of 2023 according to the preliminary figure, released on the 29th Nov. This was higher than the expectation. Higher GDP is good for the economy, although it complicates things a bit for the Federal Reserve, which has been raising interest rates.
  • China’s Manufacturing PMI and Non-Manufacturing PMI were both reported lower than expected. No major shock was recorded in the market.
  • The CPI flash estimates for the Eurozone were reported lower than expected indicating that indeed inflation in the Eurozone is cooling. Headline inflation eased to 2.4% and core inflation dropped to 3.6%. European Central Bank officials keep insisting that interest rates need to stay high though. There was no shock recorded at the time of the release. The EUR lost against the dollar steadily overall yesterday.
  • The Core PCE price Index monthly figure was reported as expected on the 30th Nov, at 0.2% change. No impact was reported in the market at that time affecting the USD, however, the dollar started to gain significant intraday appreciation against other currencies after that time. Initial jobless claims, which rose to 218k last week, remain close to the estimate and do not deviate greatly from the 200K numbers.
  • U.S. Pending Home Sales change was reported with a negative figure, lower than expected though, enhancing the picture of a more cooling economy. The effect on the USD was minimal.
  • The Manufacturing PMI sector releases were reported as grim for all regions. All figures were recorded lower than 50. The EUR experienced weakness against the USD during the time of the releases while the GBP remained strong.
  • Canada’s employment data was released on the 1st Dec. The employment change was reported 24.9K, way higher than expected in November while the jobless rate was reported slightly higher, to 5.8% from 5.7%. The market reacted with CAD appreciation since the expectation of interest rates remaining high is in place. More pressure is needed for the economy to be affected, potentially causing the desirable cooling. USDCAD saw a moderate drop at that time.
  • U.S. ISM manufacturing PMI was recorded at 46.7 per cent in November, unchanged from the 46.7 per cent recorded in October, lower than expected. The sector’s economic activity contracted in November, for the 12th consecutive month. The release caused the USD to depreciate at that time but moderately.
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    EURUSD was roughly on the upside last week by moving over the 30-period MA and remaining sideways most of the time. However, that changed on the 30th Nov. The pair eventually in general reversed from the upside and dropped sharply creating a short-term downward trend. It lost ground when the USD experienced remarkable strength, early at the start of the European session after 9:00. The Inflation report as measured by the personal consumption expenditures (PCE) price index indicated figures as expected. It found strong support at 1.083, on the 1st Dec, before retracing back to the MA, where it currently settled.

    Dollar Index (US_DX)

    The dollar index showed a strong downward path early last week with high volatility while it was moving below the 30-period MA. That changed on the 30th Nov when the USD started to experience strength. The index found resistance near 103.7 and retraced back to the mean near 103.50, where it currently settled. The recent U.S. inflation reports show that the elevated rates have caused significant cooling while consumer spending falls to lower levels. Interest rates though are expected to remain high still causing a rather sideways volatile path for the dollar index, for now.



    Bitcoin keeps on breaking all resistances this week progressing to the upside. It has broken above 40K USD for the first time this year gaining momentum from broad enthusiasm about possible U.S. interest rate cuts and the anticipated imminent approval of U.S.-stockmarket traded bitcoin funds.


    NEXT WEEK’S EVENTS (04-08.12.2023)

    Important releases this week include the RBA and BOC interest rate decisions.

    Other notable events related to the employment data releases for the U.S. are the ADP, JOLTS and NFP reports.

    We have also the releases of the Services PMIs for the major regions.

    Currency Markets Impact:

  • On the 4th of Dec, the Swiss CPI report showed that the Swiss consumer prices fell by 0.2% in November. The market reacted with CHF depreciation causing some moderate moves for pairs.USDCHF jumped 40 near pips before reversing soon after.
  • On the 5th Dec, the Tokyo Core CPI figure will be released during the Asian session. We do not expect a major impact on the JPY pairs at that time.
  • The RBA will decide if it’s going to keep rates steady at 4.35%. This might cause a moderate shock at that time affecting the AUD. Probable quick retracements if we have a big deviation from the mean.
  • The U.S. ADP NF Employment change report on the 6th Dec includes significant figures that might cause the market to react with a shock affecting the USD
  • The Bank of Canada is deciding on rates on the same day. Expected to keep the rate steady at 5%.
  • Unemployment claims are expected to rise. The NFP report on the 8th Dec is expected to record a higher employment change figure while the jobless rate to remain steady. The USD pairs will probably be affected and an intraday shock is possible.
  • Consumer sentiment is reported later after 2 hours but most of the activity affecting the USD is absorbed at 15:30 during the NFP release.
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    U.S. Crude Oil

    Crude experienced a short uptrend from the 28th to the 30th of Nov. It reached the resistance near 79.5 USD/b and dropped suddenly after it was announced that the OPEC+ producers agreed to voluntary oil output cuts for the first quarter of next year that fell short of market expectations. Price dropped sharply on the 30th Nov reaching the support near 75 USD/b, where it stayed in consolidation until experiencing the retracement back to the mean. It later experienced another drop on the 1st Dec breaking the support and reaching the next at nearly 74 USD/b. It currently moves even further downwards.

    Gold (XAUUSD)

    Gold broke the range mentioned in our previous report and moved to the upside on Friday. The jump was reinforced with a sudden surge in price after the market opening today. A near 70-dollar move before reversing back to the mean. A record with a price above 2100 USD/oz, driven by a weaker U.S. dollar and the revising Federal Reserve interest rate expectations. The market is betting that the Federal Reserve will hold interest rates steady at next week’s policy meeting and consider cuts in the first half of next year.



    NAS100 (NDX)

    Price Movement

    A period of consolidation followed after a high trend upward. The index started to move sideways but with high volatility last week. Even though it experienced some support breakouts we see resilience currently, pushing it to the upside and to remain in range. An apparent triangle formation is depicted on the chart below. Breakouts could push the index in one direction rapidly. A downward breakout could lead the index to reach the next support at near 15800. Breakout upwards could lead to the resistance near 16150.